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A Short History Of Information Technology

Have you ever wondered which events change the world of computer technology and set the digital progress off? The kids nowadays don’t even remember the age before computers, smartphones and the access to the high-speed internet. But, how did everything start and which events lead us to become a digital society?


When thinking about the alphabet, the first association goes to Mesopotamia. It was the initial “tool” used to keep and transfer information. It wasn’t long before people discovered how to manufacture paper and writing materials. The first writing material was a wet clay, and later papyrus plant was found, and people started producing primitive forms of paper. This trend spread throughout the world, but soon new problem appeared – how to store all that data over a long time? It eventually resulted in the first books and libraries and Egyptians developed scrolls. In this way, they could keep all sorts of information much easier.

Mechanical age

Mechanical AgeIn this stage, we finally start to notice some connection between primitive forms of information technology and the systems we use nowadays. The Mechanical age starts around 1450 and ends in 1840. At that time, a large number of new technologies has appeared. The peak of this era was the first analog computer which could do some primitive functions, such as dividing and multiplying numbers. Several impressive machines were invented during Mechanical age, and even though not any of them was nearly effective as modern – day computers, they still had a significant role. The only problem with those machines was their size; they were huge.

The electromechanical age

Between 1840 and 1940 some major things have happened and here we have early inventions of telecommunications, and soon after that, the first telegraph was invented. In the late 1800s the first radio was designed, and in 1940 the first digital computer was created. This era changed the way how we think and prepared us for electronic revolution.

The electronic age

The Electronic Age

This age stated in 1940, and we are living it now, the era developed the first computers and functional operation systems, which lead us to have high – speed digital computers. The first system was first designed for U.S. Army for artillery firing tables. This machine was so big that tool 680 ft.2 and it weighed 30 tons. The revolution started with the development of the first programming languages, such as COBOL and FORTRAN.

About the Author James Smith

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